The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy - What the Cycles of History Tell Us About America's Next Rendezvous with Destiny
William Strauss, Neil Howe
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First came the postwar High, then the Awakening of the '60s and '70s, and now the Unraveling. This audacious and provocative book tells us what to expect just beyond the start of the next century. Are you ready for the Fourth Turning?
Strauss and Howe will change the way you see the world--and your place in it. In The Fourth Turning, they apply their generational theories to the cycles of history and locate America in the middle of an unraveling period, on the brink of a crisis. How you prepare for this crisis--the Fourth Turning--is intimately connected to the mood and attitude of your particular generation. Are you one of the can-do "GI generation," who triumphed in the last crisis? Do you belong to the mediating "Silent Majority," who enjoyed the 1950s High? Do you fall into the "awakened" Boomer category of the 1970s and 1980s, or are you a Gen-Xer struggling to adapt to our splintering world? Whatever your stage of life, The Fourth Turning offers bold predictions about how all of us can prepare, individually and collectively, for America's next rendezvous with destiny.
the ration coupons, mapped the invasions, and dispatched the bomber fleets. They gave the orders that killed thousands but saved millions. From “blood and guts” generals to “give ‘em hell” presidents, the Lost knew how to prevail over long odds and harsh criticism. This was the last time the Nomad archetype entered a Fourth Turning. In a recent genre of action films (from War Games and Back to the Future to Terminator and Independence Day), a stock drama unfolds. A young protagonist—alone,
and their view of time, see Alain Hus, The Etruscans (trans, in 1975; orig. Les Etrusques, peuple secret, 1961); Agnes Carr Vaughan, Those Mysterious Etruscans (1964), esp. ch. XX; Otto-Wilhelm von Vacano, The Etruscans in the Ancient World (trans, in 1965; orig. Die Etrusker in der Welt der Antike, 1960); and Luisa Banti, Etruscan Cities and Their Culture (1973). On the Roman view of history and time, see Jean Hubaux, Les Grands Myths de Rome (Paris, 1945); Kenneth J. Reckford, “Some Appearances
We yearn for civic character but satisfy ourselves with symbolic gestures and celebrity circuses. We perceive no greatness in our leaders, a new meanness in ourselves. Small wonder that each new election brings a new jolt, its aftermath a new disappointment. Not long ago, America was more than the sum of its parts. Now, it is less. Around World War II, we were proud as a people but modest as individuals. Fewer than two people in ten said yes when asked, Are you a very important person? Today,
eventually, Eisenhower) who quashed McCarthy and dampened the G.I.s' anti-Communist fervor. Having paid many a price for other generation's crusades, the Lost led with a warm realism. Their late-in-life leaders (Stevenson, Dirksen, Ervin) were famous for flowery yet self-effacing oratory and for positive “I like Ike” campaigning. The Lost liked politics to be humdrum: The 1952 and 1956 elections marked the only time in U.S. history that the same two presidential candidates ran against each other
the famous Generation Gap, we occupied, unnoticed as usual, the gap itself,” Wade Greene recalled. Lacking an independent voice, middle-aged people adopted the moral relativism of the arbitrator, mediating arguments between others—and reaching out to people of all cultures, races, incomes, ages, and disabilities. The tensions they felt helped them become America's greatest generation of song writers, comedians, and therapists. The Awakening's sexual revolution hit the Silent at an awkward phase