The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism (Routledge Companions)
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This fully revised third edition of The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism provides the ideal introduction to postmodernist thought. Featuring contributions from a cast of international scholars, the Companion contains 19 detailed essays on major themes and topics along with an A-Z of key terms and concepts. As well as revised essays on philosophy, politics, literature, and more, the first section now contains brand new essays on critical theory, business, gender and the performing arts. The concepts section, too, has been enhanced with new topics ranging from hypermedia to global warming. Students interested in any aspect of postmodernism will continue to find this an indispensable resource.
norms of conduct. The general turn away from reason in postmodern thought has involved a corresponding commitment to desire, which has become a key strategy in the subversion of modernity and its allegedly authoritarian systems. Desire represents an implicitly antiauthoritarian force for the postmodern movement. DESIRING-MACHINE Individuals constitute desiring-machines in Deleuze's and Guattari's terminology. In Anti-Oedipus (1972) they argue that we have transcended such traditional categories
later critic Walter Benjamin. The School 248 NAMES AND TERMS I L relocated in America after the Nazi takeover in 1933 had caused its members, basically Marxist in orientation, to leave Germany. While Adorno returned to Germany after the Second World War, Marcuse remained in America, where he became an inspiration to the student protest movement that grew up in the 1960s. The school is famous for developing the method of analysis called 'critical theory', which until the rise of structural
and constructed and collaged style associmaking things Gilbert and George ated with American postmodernism, played out the endless inertia of late formal repetition is animated by modernist art by becoming metallic dramatic contrasts of scale and mannequins; and in the rigidity of through the juxtaposition of natural their performances could be found forms, many of which glow with vivid confirmation of the 'lifelessness' of and vibrant colours. These exercisesin late-modernist sculpture.
for all their formal mastery and the brilliance of their conception, these buildings were to be plagued by technical failures which were to blight Stirling's reputation for years to come. These problems were a precursor to a barren patch in which Stirling received few commissions but which led to the development of a radical shift in his work. During the 1970s Stirling's work began to display references to historical sources beginning with the unbuilt project for the Derby Civic Centre. This
more concerned with destabilizing other theories and their pretensions to truth than setting up a positive theory of its own; although of course to be sceptical of the theoretical claims of others is to have a definite programme of one's own, if only by default. Postmodern philosophy, therefore, can be seen as a deployment of philosophy to undermine the authoritarian imperatives in our culture, both at the theoretical and the political level. Whether such a trend will command 13 THE ICON