United States History: 1789 to 1841: The Developing Nation (Essentials)
John F. Chilton
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United States History: 1789 to 1841 includes Washington and the Federalist Era, the Jeffersonian Era, the War of 1812, the Monroe presidency, the Marshall court, the Missouri Compromise, Jacksonian Democracy, Ante-Bellum culture, Manifest Destiny, and increasing sectional stress.
System,” which provided a high tariff on imports to finance an extensive internal improvement package. Andrew Jackson of Tennessee presented himself as a war hero from the 1812 conflict. All four candidates claimed to be Republicans. 4.1.3 The Election Jackson won 43% of the popular vote, but the four-way split meant that he only received 38% of the electoral votes. Under the provisions of the 12th Amendment, the top three candidates were voted on by the House of Representatives. This left
did not expire until 1836. They feared that Jackson would gain support over time and could kill the Bank as a parting shot as he retired. The Congress passed the recharter bill, but Jackson vetoed it. This left that institution a lame duck agency. Jackson soundly defeated Henry Clay in the presidential race and he considered his victory a mandate from the people to destroy the Bank. His first move was to remove the federal government’s deposits from Biddle’s vaults and distribute the funds to
and claimed control south to the Columbia. The United States claimed all the way north to the 54°40’ parallel. Unable to settle the dispute, they had agreed on a joint occupation of the disputed land. In the 1830’s American missionaries followed the traders and trappers to the Oregon country, and began to publicize the richness and beauty of the land, sending back official reports on their work, which were published in the new inexpensive “penny press” papers. Everyone read these reports, and
old French trans-Mississippi territory from Spain by political pressure. Jefferson sent a delegation to Paris to try to buy New Orleans, lest the new French officials close it to American traffic. Napoleon’s defeat in Santo Domingo persuaded him that Louisiana could not be exploited, and indeed was now subject to potential American incursions. So he offered to sell the entire territory to the United States for $15 million. The American delegation accepted the offer in April, 1803, even though
effort. On December 15, 1814, delegates from the New England states met in Hartford, Connecticut, and drafted a set of resolutions suggesting nullification – and even secession – if their interests were not protected against the growing influence of the South and the West. Soon after the convention adjourned the news of the victory at New Orleans was announced and their actions were discredited. The Federalist party ceased to be a political force from this point. 2.4.8 Post-War Developments